Health & Fitness Articles

What To Do If Blood Sugar Is High?

If your blood sugar is too high, it is known as hyperglycemia or high blood sugar, the fastest way to do it is to lower it is to be fast-acting insulin. Exercise is a quick and effective way to control your blood sugar levels. Exercise is a quick and effective way to control your blood sugar levels. This happens when blood sugar can no longer be regulated naturally. You can find out what is behind it and what you can do about it here.

Why Do Blood Sugar Levels Rise?

Why Do Blood Sugar Levels Rise

The hormone insulin is the key to our blood sugar levels: these rise in people with diabetes

  • because the body produces little or no insulin at all
  • the body’s cells have become resistant to the effects of insulin.

Because the task of insulin is to enable the sugar obtained from food to be absorbed into the cells via the bloodstream so that they are supplied with energy. This in turn lowers blood sugar levels.

Blood sugar is chronically high in people with untreated diabetes. The reasons for this are different: In the case of type 1 diabetes, a misdirected immune reaction of the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas causes them to be destroyed by the body’s own defenses. There is an absolute insulin deficiency.

Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is initially characterized by insulin resistance. This means that the body’s cells have become insensitive to the effects of insulin. The pancreas initially still produces insulin, but it loses its effect. There is a relative insulin deficiency. In the process, the pancreas can become completely exhausted and then no longer produce any insulin. Eating a healthy diet and getting enough exercise can improve insulin sensitivity again

What Happens If You Have Hypoglycemia?

When blood sugar levels exceed the so-called kidney threshold of around 180 mg/dl (10 mmol / l), the body begins to excrete the sugar through the kidneys or urine. This can lead to a loss of fluids of several liters a day – combined with frequent urination, severe thirst, and the risk of the body becoming dehydrated. Hypoglycemia is used from values ​​of 180 mg / dl (> 10 mmol / l).

What happens if you have hypoglycemia?

Especially in older people with type 2 diabetes, the symptoms of “strong urge to urinate” and “great thirst” often do not exist – which makes it all the more dangerous. The important minerals potassium and magnesium are lost through the loss of water. Calf cramps and muscle pain occur. But it is even more serious. Due to the loss of water, the whole body gradually dries out. Dehydration and over-acidification express themselves in exhaustion and tiredness. This can increase to the stage of deep unconsciousness of the diabetic (hyperosmolar) coma.

There is an additional risk especially with type 1 diabetes: If there is an absolute lack of insulin, the body cells can no longer be supplied with energy. The body begins to break down fat reserves to gain the energy it needs. This creates ketones that can acidify the blood (ketoacidosis). Common side effects are nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Breathing becomes deep, the breath smells of acetone, similar to rotten apples or nail polish remover. Since hunger and appetite are not great in such cases, many sufferers reduce their insulin intake as a result. This worsens the already critical metabolic situation. A life-threatening situation arises in the ketoacidosis coma. These mechanisms primarily affect people with type 1 diabetes.

Warning Signs Of High Blood Sugar

The symptoms of high blood sugar are symptomatic of diabetes. However, people with type 2 diabetes are often less aware of them. They often only feel the signs of hyperglycemia after having had high blood sugar levels for a long time.

Warning Signs Of High Blood Sugar

A surefire way to determine if your blood sugar is already high and to avoid hyperglycemia is to measure your blood sugar regularly.

Possible warning signals for increased blood sugar levels are at a glance:

  • increased urination
  • increased feeling of thirst
  • dry skin and itching
  • Fatigue, weakness, exhaustion
  • Visual disturbances
  • Susceptibility to infection
  • poor wound healing
  • Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • rapid weight loss
  • deep breath with acetone odor
  • Ketones in the urine (detectable using test strips from the pharmacy)

Help With Hyperglycemia: Prevent Ketoacidosis

Severe hyperglycemia can result in an emergency, which can be avoided by acting in good time. The following measures are helpful at the first signs of hypoglycemia:

Help With Hyperglycemia: Prevent Ketoacidosis
  • Measuring blood sugar – is the value too high:
  • Drink plenty of water to stabilize the fluid balance – even if you are sick or vomit, take sips of fluid.
  • Measure your blood sugar at regular intervals and check the excretion of ketones in your urine.
  • If the values ​​are elevated, inject an amount of insulin, previously discussed with your doctor, to lower the blood sugar level.
  • If the ketone test is positive, seek medical help immediately.

In type 1 diabetes, ketoacidosis can develop if the blood sugar level is significantly higher than 250 mg/dl (13.9 mmol / l). A common reason for ketoacidosis with existing insulin therapy is forgotten or insufficiently dosed insulin doses. Sometimes an infection is involved: the blood sugar level rises, especially with a fever. Stress hormones such as adrenaline, noradrenaline, or cortisol cause this increase.

In general, you can prevent high blood sugar levels by

  • If necessary, take any necessary blood sugar-lowering medication as discussed with your doctor
  • watch your diet carefully
  • move enough
  • Reduce the causes of stress
  • react quickly to diseases and infections
  • measure blood sugar frequently

Test Blood Sugar Levels First

Test Blood Sugar Levels First

When your blood sugar levels are high you can feel irritable, tired, and sluggish. Thirst, dry mouth, and racing heart are also common symptoms of high blood sugar. However, these symptoms can also be traced back to many other conditions. So before you try to lower your blood sugar level with home remedies, it is advisable to check the values ​​first. In some cases, your blood sugar may be normal or low.

Quickly Lower Short-Term Blood Sugar Spikes After Eating

Quickly Lower Short-Term Blood Sugar Spikes After Eating

Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar has many health benefits. It can reduce blood sugar production in the liver or increase its cellular utilization. Studies also show that vinegar significantly affects the body’s response to sugar and improves insulin sensitivity.

Vinegar lowers blood sugar

A 2005 study by Lund University in Sweden found that vinegar can lower the glycemic index (GI) of a meal on bread. A total of 12 healthy people took part in the study. Three quantities of vinegar (18, 23, and 28 mmol acetic acids) were served with a portion of white wheat bread with 50 g carbohydrate content as breakfast after an overnight fast. Bread without vinegar was used as a reference meal. After 120 minutes, blood samples were taken for analysis of glucose and insulin.

The results showed that the vinegar with the highest acid concentration significantly lowered the blood sugar response after 30 and 45 minutes and the insulin response after 15 and 30 minutes after eating. Adding vinegar to white wheat bread also increased the subjective rating of satiety.

To lower your blood sugar quickly, add 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar to 200 milliliters of water. You can also add vinegar to a salad dressing. However, it is important to discuss the use of apple cider vinegar with your doctor if you are already on blood sugar lowering medications.

Cinnamon

Cinnamon can regulate blood sugar levels

Studies show that cinnamon can also lower blood sugar levels by up to 30%. It slows the breakdown of carbohydrates in the digestive tract, which helps reduce the rise in blood sugar after a meal. Cinnamon works similarly to insulin, albeit much more slowly. A research team from Sweden found in 2007 that 6 grams of cinnamon to 300 grams of rice pudding significantly slows the glucose response.

Cinnamon is also rich in chromium, which is responsible for binding insulin to cell membrane receptors. With its help, the glucose transport into the cells is increased by 15 to 20 times. Without chromium, the cells become “insulin-resistant”.

An effective dose of cinnamon is 1–6 grams of cinnamon per day or about 0.5 to 2 teaspoons. However, make sure you don’t consume more than that as too much cinnamon can be harmful.

When making yourself a smoothie, sprinkle some cinnamon in it. Roasted almonds with cinnamon are a particularly tasty and healthy snack. Pick a low-carb or keto recipe. These recipes are mostly sugar-free and contain sweeteners that are suitable for diabetics.

Natural cocoa can be of use

Researchers have found that certain compounds found in cocoa can actually help the body release more insulin and respond better to high blood sugar. It’s about the polyphenols epicatechin and catechin, which change the glucose metabolism in the intestine and stimulate insulin production in the pancreas. A 2017 study suggests that prolonged long-term cocoa consumption can affect insulin resistance more than single doses of cocoa products.

Dark chocolate with at least 85% cocoa contains very little added sugar. However, people with diabetes should limit their chocolate intake to one or two small squares of dark chocolate per day. A good idea for diabetics, for example, is this chocolate spread: Mix a pack of cream cheese with one to two tablespoons of unsweetened cocoa powder and season with one to two teaspoons of erythritol – the sugar-free treat is ready!

Make Yourself a Green Smoothie!

Make Yourself a Green Smoothie!

People with type 2 diabetes often have less magnesium in their blood. Leafy green vegetables like lettuce, kale, and spinach are high in magnesium, which helps maintain healthy glucose levels. You can find many smoothie recipes in this article. Try different ingredients so you don’t get bored with the taste. Spinach and avocado form a good base for a delicious green smoothie. Add coconut oil as vitamin K is soluble in fats.

Take a short walk!

One of the quickest ways to lower your blood sugar is to get exercise. A short walk is the easiest way to achieve this. If you don’t want to stray too far from home, do a lap or two around the block. Exercise for 5 to 15 minutes, then check your blood sugar again. However, if your blood sugar is above 240 mg / dL, you should have your urine tested for ketones. When ketones are present, exercise may not be recommended.

Add Good Fat

Healthy fats slow down the release of glucose in the intestines. Just add healthy oils and fats to every meal or consume them as a snack in between.

Good sources of monounsaturated fats include:

Avocado
canola oil
nuts like almonds, cashews, pecans, and peanuts
olive oil and olives
peanut butter and peanut oil
sesame seeds

Watch out for the calories! Like all fats, nuts and oils are high in calories. If you want to lose weight, you should only eat small portions of these foods. For example, 6 almonds or 4 pecan halves have the same number of calories as 1 teaspoon of oil or butter.

Polyunsaturated fats are also “healthy” fats. Good sources are:

Corn oil
Cottonseed
oil Safflower
oil Soybean oil
Sunflower oil
Walnuts
Pumpkin or sunflower seed
mayonnaise

Take a Warm Bath

Take A Warm Bath

Treat yourself to a warm bath or take a warm shower for about 15-20 minutes. Warm water increases blood flow to the skin and allows insulin to flow around the body. Drink a glass of water before you bathe to prevent dehydration. Carefully check the water temperature on your wrist or use a thermometer. The temperature should be below 40 degrees.

Check your blood sugar after you shower and see how much and if it has dropped at all. Some people have little effect, while others report feeling weak and dizzy from the heat. So, to avoid hypoglycemia, you should know what effect this method has on you.

When Should You See a Doctor?

It is important to note that very high blood sugar levels can be dangerous and it is important to know the symptoms and risk factors for the following conditions:

When Should You See a Doctor?
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis – a form of metabolic acidosis that occurs particularly often as a complication in type 1 diabetes with an absolute lack of insulin.
  • Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic condition – severe hyperglycemia, which is particularly common as a complication of type 2 diabetes.

If you have type 1 diabetes, blood sugar levels above 250 mg / dL accompanied by ketone levels above 20 mg / dL and/or symptoms of ketoacidosis will likely require a trip to the emergency room for IV fluids.

If you have trouble keeping your blood sugar levels under control, talk to your doctor.

Keep The Blood Sugar Level Stable

Keep The Blood Sugar Level Stable

It can be very difficult for someone with diabetes to maintain stable blood sugar levels. However, one must try to keep blood sugar levels constant and avoid the ups and downs in blood sugar levels. This has become the mantra of diabetes care today. Like a top athlete who always trains, a diabetic must always maintain normal blood sugar levels. This is a relatively new concept. Diet, exercise, and medication need to be optimized every day to avoid complications from diabetes and lead a long and healthy life. The difference is that the reward for all of this work comes later.

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