Diabetes is a disorder characterized by the body’s inability to keep adequate reserves of fuel and use it for energy. The main fuel in the human body is a type of sugar called glucose which comes from food (after it is broken down). In this article, you’ll learn about Type 2 Diabetes Cure.
Glucose passes into the bloodstream and becomes a source of energy for cells. To use glucose, the body needs insulin, a hormone that the pancreas secretes. Insulin is important because it allows glucose to leave the blood and enter cells.
Diabetes occurs when your body does not or does not make enough insulin, or uses it incorrectly. The bodies of some people with diabetes become resistant to insulin. In these cases, insulin production continues, but the body does not respond to the effects of insulin as it should.
This phenomenon is described as insulin resistance. Whether it is an insufficient amount of insulin or inadequate use of insulin, the result is the same: an increase in the level of glucose in the blood called hyperglycemia.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. About 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes, which has long been known as adult diabetes. More and more children are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, however, due to the spread of obesity.
Some people do not have diabetes however, their bodies do not respond to glucose quite normally. This is called glucose intolerance (decreased tolerance to glucose). It is estimated that up to 40% of cases of reduced glucose tolerance will progress to type 2 diabetes.
next, you will know “Causes Of Type 2 Diabetes” in this Type 2 Diabetes Cure article.
Causes Of Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs because the pancreas does not make enough insulin or because the body does not use it properly, or both. The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is still poorly understood, but it has been shown that it is more likely to occur under the following circumstances:
- delivering a baby weighing more than 4 kg (9 lbs);
- an age over 40;
- Aboriginal, Hispanic, Asian, South Asian or South African ancestry.
- a family history of diabetes;
- high blood pressure;
- the occurrence of diabetes mellitus during pregnancy;
- high cholesterol;
- decreased glucose tolerance or moderate fasting hyperglycemia.
next, you will know “Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes” in this Type 2 Diabetes Cure article.
Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
People with type 2 diabetes may have no symptoms for several years or decades, but as the condition progresses and blood sugar levels rise, symptoms appear. People with type 2 diabetes may see the following signs and symptoms:
- an increased need to eat and drink;
- a frequent need to urinate;
- decreased sensitivity or numbness in the hands and feet;
- a state of general weakness;
- frequent infections of the bladder and vagina;
- impotence (erectile dysfunction);
- slower healing, cuts or lesions;
- dry skin accompanied by itching;
- cloudy eyesight.
next, you will know “Complications In Type 2 Diabetes” in this Type 2 Diabetes Cure article.
Complications In Type 2 Diabetes
Unfortunately, in many cases, type 2 diabetes goes unnoticed for several years and is not diagnosed until a medical consultation for symptoms of diabetes, or its complications.
High blood glucose (or sugar) in the blood ( hyperglycemia ) can lead to a condition called glucose poisoning. This disorder further damages the pancreas, and the body becomes less able to produce insulin. Without insulin, blood glucose levels continue to rise to a level that can cause damage to organs such as the eyes, nerves and kidneys. These lesions are similar to complications associated with type 1 diabetes.
People with diabetes are at greater risk of problems like damage to small blood vessels and nerves from high blood glucose. They are also at greater risk of experiencing hardening of the large arteries ( atherosclerosis ) which can lead to a heart attack, stroke, or poor blood flow to the legs.
Damage to small blood vessels can affect the eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Damage to the eyes, especially the retina, leads to diabetic retinopathy, a leading cause of blindness. Kidney damage, called diabetic nephropathy, can lead to kidney failure and dialysis. Damage to the nerves that supply the legs and arms as well as the gastrointestinal tract is called diabetic neuropathy. When some people with diabetes notice peripheral neuropathy (damage to the nerves in the legs) and poor blood flow to the legs, they will need an amputation one day or another.
If the blood glucose level rises a lot, especially if other stressors such as infection are present, people with type 2 diabetes may experience episodes of confusion, dizziness, and fainting pain. seizures. A condition called the hyperosmolar coma, without ketoacidosis and hyperglycemia occurs, which requires immediate medical attention.
Fortunately, it is possible to prevent, delay or slow down the complications of diabetes by controlling the blood glucose level and keeping it as much as possible within the normal range.
Diagnostic Type 2 Diabetes
To make a diagnosis of diabetes, the doctor will check your medical history (asking about your symptoms) and ask for blood and urine samples. The presence of protein and sugar in the urine are signs of type 2 diabetes. Increased levels of glucose and triglycerides (a type of lipid [or body fat]) in the blood are also common. In most cases, the level of glucose in the blood (also called blood sugar) is measured after an 8 hour fast.
If the fasting blood glucose level is 7.0 mmol / L (126 mg / dL) or more, the diagnosis of diabetes will be definitively made. If the fasting blood glucose level is between 6.1 mmol / L and 6.9 mmol / L, the doctor has moderate fasting hyperglycemia and the person seeing him or her is at risk of observing the fasting. the onset of type 2 diabetes.
The diagnosis of diabetes can also be established when the measurement of the blood glucose level taken during the day, without taking into account meals, is 11.1 mmol / L or more, and symptoms characteristic of diabetes appear (e.g. (eg increased thirst, more frequent urine emissions, unexpected weight loss). Your doctor may also examine the eyes for signs of damage to the blood vessels in the retina (the back of the eye). Finally, a diagnosis of diabetes is made if the average cumulative level of blood glucose, that is, the level of hemoglobin A1C (or glycated hemoglobin), is 6.5% or more.
Type 2 Diabetes Cure and Prevention
The main goal of diabetes management is to keep blood glucose levels within the normal range as much as possible. Controlling body weight, diet and exercise are important components. Nevertheless, nutrition is the most important factor in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Although some people with this type of diabetes are thin, the majority of these people (90%) are overweight. Losing weight, even 2 kg to 5 kg (5 lb to 10 lb), can help lower blood glucose levels. For many people, eating a healthy diet and following an exercise program will be enough to balance their blood glucose levels. For others, a healthy diet and exercise program will not be enough.
They may need to take medication to keep their blood glucose levels within a healthy range. Typically, medications for type 2 diabetes come in tablet form, which is taken by mouth always at mealtime, and as directed by your doctor. However, if these oral medications do not control blood glucose levels, a doctor may recommend insulin injections.
Oral Diabetes Medications
There are several types of oral diabetes medications. Sometimes referred to as oral hypoglycemic agents, they work by reducing blood glucose, they are:
- sulfonylureas – this family of drugs includes gliclazide *, glimepiride and glyburide. These drugs are commonly prescribed for type 2 diabetes and work by stimulating the release of stored insulin in the pancreas. However, these drugs are not effective against type 1 diabetes;
- biguanides – one of these drugs is metformin. Their action improves the sensitivity of the body’s cells to the effects of insulin and reduces the amount of glucose produced by the liver;
- acarbose – this type of medicine prolongs the time it takes for carbohydrates to absorb after a meal. To be effective, the tablets should be taken with or after a meal;
- thiazolidinediones – this family of drugs includes pioglitazone and rosiglitazone and they work by improving the sensitivity of cells to insulin;
- meglitinides – this family of drugs includes repaglinide and nateglinide. They lower postprandial glucose levels (after meals) by stimulating the release of insulin stored in the pancreas ;
- dipeptidylpeptidase 4 inhibitors – this class of drugs includes sitagliptin and saxagliptin. They help improve the release of insulin stored in the pancreas and decrease the release of glucose formed in the liver;
- GLP-1 analogues – this class of drugs includes liraglutide which is a synthetic form of the hormone GLP-1. It works to help the body release insulin when blood sugar levels are high, and it slows down the release of sugar formed in the liver. It is given daily as an injection under the skin;
- SGLT-2 protein inhibitors (for sodium-glucose linked transport) – this class of drugs promotes the elimination of glucose in the urine, which reduces the level of glucose in the blood. In addition to lowering blood sugar, products in this class have been shown to help with weight loss and lower blood pressure slightly.
Doctors may prescribe 1 or more types of drugs to help manage diabetes. It is imperative that people with diabetes who use these drugs regularly check their blood glucose levels at home. Many models of glucometers are available on the market. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about this in order to choose the glucose monitor that best suits your needs.
To properly manage their diabetes, a person must know how to recognize the symptoms of an abnormal blood sugar level, and how to monitor it properly at home using a blood glucose meter. Remember to always keep glucose tablets, candies containing sugar on hand so that you can manage a drop in your blood glucose level (hypoglycemia).
Symptoms of Low Blood Glucose are Signaled By:
- the need to eat;
- a state of nervousness;
- rapid heart rate;
- clammy and cold skin;
- marked tremors.
To prevent complications, it is important to follow your diabetes management plan with a balanced diet and exercise. If you are taking medicines for your diabetes, you should take them as directed by your doctor.
Here are Some Quick Tips that Should Help You Stay Healthy and Prevent Some Diabetes Complications in The Long Term and Type 2 Diabetes Cure
- foot care – poor circulation and nerve damage from diabetes can reduce the sensitivity of the feet. It is important to examine your feet regularly to check for the possible presence of blisters, cuts or lesions. Always keep clean and dry feet and protect them by wearing comfortable socks and shoes;
- eye care – vision problems (such as retinopathy ) caused by diabetes can eventually lead to blindness. Therefore, you should have your eyes examined by a specialist (an ophthalmologist ) at least once a year. By treating problems as soon as they appear, you can avoid serious complications;
- skin care – high blood glucose and poor blood circulation can lead to skin problems such as slow healing or frequent infections. Be sure to wash yourself daily with mild soap and lukewarm water. Protect your skin by applying sunscreen, treat any cuts or scrapes well by cleaning and dressing them properly, and see a doctor when your cuts slowly heal or an infection appears.
- Learned Knowledge – People with diabetes should learn all they can about the condition and how to manage it. The more you know about your condition, the better able you will be to manage it on a daily basis. Many hospitals offer diabetes education programs. Many nurses and pharmacists have completed the specific requirements of the diabetes education program. Contact the nearest hospital, doctor or pharmacist for information about diabetes programs and educators in your area.
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