Type 2 diabetes can develop slowly without being noticed, in which case it may have already damaged the heart and blood vessels. Type 2 diabetes, also called adult-onset diabetes, can develop latent for a long time, but where can you get the hint that the disease has already broken out or that the risk is increased? And what is type 2 diabetes really about, and can different forms of type 2 diabetes be prevented? We Have collected questions and answers about type 2 diabetes and if you want to know Can you reverse type 2 diabetes then this post is for you.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease to which genetic factors and lifestyles predispose; overweight and especially mid-body obesity and lack of exercise.
It is caused by a decrease in the effect of insulin, i.e. insulin resistance or a decrease in insulin secretion, or both. In insulin resistance, the effect of insulin is not enough to help as much glucose from the blood into the cells as usual, so the pancreas has to produce more insulin. The production of pancreatic cells gradually decreases, resulting in insufficient insulin for the body and an increase in blood sugar.
Can You Reverse Type 2 Diabetes? Permanent weight loss, dietary changes and increased exercise are key to treatment. With adequate weight loss, the disease can be hidden. If lifestyle changes are not enough, type 2 diabetes can be treated with medication.
Quick Overview of Type 2 Diabetes
|Type 2 diabetes|
|Effect on the body||The effect of insulin is reduced and / or the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.|
|Effect of genetic factors||Up to 20%|
|Exposure factors||Hereditary factors and lifestyles|
|Birth control||Can be combated with lifestyle|
|Care||Lifestyles: weight loss, diet and exercise. If necessary, medication.|
|Typical onset of disease||Over 40 years old|
|Number of patients||About 300,000 Finns|
How does type 2 diabetes affect the body?
Dietary carbohydrates are converted in the body into sugar, or glucose, which is absorbed into the blood. Glucose is needed to fuel cells and is the primary source of energy, especially for the brain. The insulin hormone produced by the pancreas regulates blood sugar by increasing the entry of glucose into cells whenever necessary and accelerating its storage in the liver and muscles. In people with diabetes, this body’s own mechanism works poorly or not at all.
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1. When food enters the intestine, its carbohydrates are broken down into glucose (sugar), which is absorbed into the bloodstream.
2. Blood sugar rises and the pancreas produces insulin, which increases the entry of sugar into the cells. However, insulin production is not enough to meet the body’s needs.
3. Blood sugar does not fall and cells receive only part of the energy of glucose because the effectiveness of insulin in the body is reduced.
How type 2 Diabetes Born?
The development of type 2 diabetes is influenced by both heredity and lifestyle. For example, type 2 diabetes found in parents or siblings significantly increases the risk. In addition, gestational diabetes in women also increases susceptibility to type 2 diabetes.
However, your own lifestyle can make a significant contribution to the development of type 2 diabetes – a healthy diet, weight management and regular exercise are key.
The key risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes are summarized below. You can also test your own risk of illness, for example, with the Diabetes Association’s test .
8 Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
If one of the following factors are present, and you also have type 2 diabetes or prediabetes symptoms, lifestyle already, you should pay attention to. If any of the following factors are true, you may be at increased risk for type 2 diabetes.
- Your family members have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes
- You have had gestational diabetes
- You are overweight (body mass index over 25 – calculate your own body mass index )
- Your waist circumference is over 88 cm (for men over 94 cm). This is how you measure your waist circumference .
- You don’t exercise – daily exercise (including everyday exercise) is less than half an hour
- You have high blood pressure
- You have been diagnosed with any cardiovascular disease
- You have high or high cholesterol
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes can be asymptomatic for years, and can thus develop latent for a long time. It is estimated that as many as 150,000 people in Finland suffer from type 2 diabetes unknowingly, and because the actual symptoms may not occur or cannot be associated with diabetes, the diagnosis can often come as a surprise. Therefore, it is a good idea to be aware of the risk factors for the disease and, for example, to take a risk test and, if necessary, measure your own blood sugar.
These are type 2 diabetes symptoms:
- Fatigue especially after meals
- Non-withdrawal, feeling exhausted
- Leg aches
- Muscle cramps
- Visual disturbances
- Slow wound healing
- Recurrent infections
- Deterioration of general health
Is Type 2 Diabetes a Lifelong Disease?
If diabetes is a fairly recent acquaintance, and there is much to be corrected in the lifestyle of the sufferer, by addressing them, the patient can become healthy in terms of blood counts. Diabetes is defined as a blood glucose value, mmol / l, of seven or more when fasting. A value of 6 to 7 indicates pre-diabetes – impaired sugar tolerance, which gradually develops into diabetes.
The tendency to diabetes is permanent, and if the lifestyle of a patient who has recovered from the disease gets a rupture, diabetes will return. The same thing often happens with age. Blood sugar rises as the pancreas’s ability to produce insulin and insulin function decline with age.
Insulin is a hormone that regulates the body’s use and storage of sugar and fat, as well as the building up of proteins. Its functioning can be influenced at all ages by lifestyles: exercise, nutrition and weight management.
How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?
Blood sugar or glucose hemoglobin measurements are also used to diagnose type 2 diabetes . The disease often develops as a symptom, so blood tests are needed to detect it.
In next, paragraph we will learn Can You Reverse Type 2 Diabetes?
Can You Reverse Type 2 Diabetes?
If you have a question can you reverse type 2 diabetes then you must implement these things in your life?
Healthy Diet to Fight Type 2 Diabetes
- A healthy, varied diet supports the prevention of type 2 diabetes
A varied diet that meets your energy needsPlenty of vegetables, fruits and berriesFishWhole grain productsMeat and sausage in moderationLess saturated fatLow fat dairy productsWater as a food drinkLess sugarLess salt
- Eat vegetables at every meal.
- Eat calmly and learn to recognize when your stomach fills up.
- Keep dose sizes reasonable.
- Reduce your total fat intake and cut down on particularly hard fat from your diet.
- Ensure adequate fiber intake from your diet.
Exercise to Fight Type 2 Diabetes
Choose a form of exercise that you genuinely like – this way the motivation to exercise also remains. Walking and cycling are great forms of exercise and are also easy to combine with everyday exercise. Instead of the sport, the most important thing is that you get moving at all.
Choose a sport according to your physical abilities and start at a level that matches your own fitness. This way you avoid injuries and your passion for movement does not stop.
Do 30-60 minutes of moderate-intensity (breathing) exercise daily and twice-weekly exercise-enhancing exercise at the gym or at home.
Weight Loss in The Fight Against type 2 Diabetes
Being overweight significantly increases the risk of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. If your body mass index is more than 25 or your waist circumference is more than 88 cm (102 cm in men) and a family member has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, there is already a good reason to pay attention to your own lifestyle to fight diabetes.
Weight loss should focus on healthy, permanent dietary changes. A drop of about 5-10% is already enough to significantly reduce the risk of diabetes.
In addition to dietary changes, you should exercise regularly. It already helps reduce the amount of fat accumulated in the middle body and also supports weight loss and weight management and also helps fight other lifestyle diseases, improve sleep quality and reduce stress.
Intoxicants to a Minimum
A type 2 diabetic should largely skip alcohol if they want to recover from their illness and if you ever wonder can you reverse type 2 diabetes.
– Alcohol fats, fats the liver and can directly damage the pancreas, Ilanne-Parikka explains.
Smoking can also impair the balance of care.
– Smoking plays some role in insulin sensitivity. The most important factor in it is diabetes as a risk factor for common arterial diseases.
However, many are afraid of losing weight when they quit smoking.
– You have to feel yourself and consider whether you can lose weight and quit smoking at the same time, the chief doctor advises.
Stress also affects diabetes. Stress hormones such as adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol, in fact, raise blood sugar.
– Of course, it’s hard to say to yourself that don’t stress now. That is why it is worth thinking about life as a whole and focusing on things that are central and important for well-being, Ilanne-Parikka advises.
The chief doctor reminds us that man is a whole.
– Mood can also affect diabetes. Especially if you have problems with weight management, you need to think more broadly than just from a lifestyle perspective.
Sleep also affects metabolism.
– If sleep is poor and interrupted, or if it is associated with sleep apnea, then stress levels and hormones increase. That is why sleep also affects insulin sensitivity, Ilanne-Parikka says.
Studies show that being tired also makes you more susceptible to unhealthy food choices that can make weight management more difficult.
Hereditary and Environmental Factors Underlie Type 2 Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, but it does not work well enough or it is not produced enough. Its outbreak is influenced by heritage and environmental factors.
Being overweight alone does not lead to the onset of diabetes.
– Obesity-related diabetes also requires hereditary factors to break out. Weight gain and fatty liver increase the need for insulin. If a person’s own pancreas is not enough to compensate for it, then blood sugar will rise, Ilanne-Parikka explains.
According to the chief physician, it is important to identify their own risks. The majority of people with type 2 diabetes develop in middle-aged or older age, but type 2 diabetes has also become more common in young people. It is estimated that about half a million Finns suffer from pre-diabetes without their knowledge.
– The onset of diabetes can be avoided by maintaining a relatively normal weight. An active lifestyle and reducing screen time also help, Ilanne-Parikka says.
You can take a risk test on the website of the Diabetes Association to help you assess your own disease risk. The site also provides additional guidelines for diabetes prevention.