Type 2 diabetes is the United States’ seventh-largest cause of death. Nearly 7 out of every 10 people with diabetes over 65 years old will die of some type of heart disease, according to the CDC. If you do, the average risk of death is about double that of someone the age does not and in this article, we going to share some research and knowledge about how can type 2 diabetes kill you.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic medical disorder in which blood stream levels of sugar, or glucose, build up. The hormone insulin helps move the glucose from your blood into your cells, where it’s used for energy.
In type 2 diabetes, the cells in your body can’t respond as well as they should to insulin. Even the body can not produce enough insulin in later stages of the disease.
Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes can lead to high levels of chronic blood glucose, causing multiple symptoms and possibly leading to serious complications.
What is Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes!
Type 2 diabetes symptoms can be so mild you don’t recognize them. Around 8 million people do not know it. Symptoms vary from.
- Being very thirsty
- peeing a lot
- blurry vision
- Being Cranky
- Tingling or numbness in your hands or feet
- fatigue/feeling worm out
- Wounds that don’t heel
- yeast infection that keep coming back
- Weight loss without trying
- Getting more infections
What is Causes of type 2 diabetes?
Insulin is a natural hormone. It is created by your pancreas, and released when you eat. Insulin helps bring glucose from your bloodstream into cells all over your body, where it is used for energy.
If you have diabetes type 2 your body is insulin resistant. Your body doesn’t use the hormone effectively anymore. This forces your pancreas to work harder to make more insulin.
Over time, this can damage cells in your pancreas. Eventually, your pancreas may not be able to produce any insulin.
If you don’t develop enough insulin, or your body doesn’t use it properly, your bloodstream builds up glucose. That leaves energy-hungry cells in your body. Doctors don’t know exactly what the sequence of events causes.
It may have to do with pancreatic cell dysfunction, or cell signaling and regulation. In some people too much glucose is released by the liver. Genetic predisposition may be present for the development of type 2 diabetes.
There is undoubtedly a genetic predisposition to obesity, which raises the risk of diabetes and insulin resistance. An environmental cause may also come in.
Can Type 2 Diabetes Kill You?
People with diabetes and high blood sugar can experience severe or life-threatening complications over time including heart disease , stroke , kidney problems, nerve damage and eye problems.
Taking medication(s), making changes in lifestyle (e.g., diet, exercise, quitting smoking), and monitoring your blood sugar regularly may help control your diabetes and improve your health. This therapy may also minimize the risk of having a heart attack, stroke, or other complications related to diabetes, such as kidney failure, nerve damage (numb, cold legs, or feet; reduced male and female sexual ability), eye disorders, including vision changes or loss, or gum disease. Your doctor and other health care professionals will discuss with you how best to treat your diabetes.
Overall, the risk of death for people with diabetes is around twice that of those without diabetes who are of similar age.
Adults with diabetes have mortality levels of heart disease between 2-4 times those of adults without diabetes.
The risk of stroke in people with diabetes is 2 to 4 times greater.
Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
Type 2 diabetes treatment requires a either lifestyle changes or medication.
With diet and exercise alone you should be able to meet your target blood sugar levels.
- weight loss. Might aid dropping extra pounds. Although it is nice to lose 5 to 10 per cent of your body weight, it seems better to lose 7 per cent and hold it off. That means someone weighing 180 pounds will change their levels of blood sugar by losing about 13 pounds. Weight loss may sound daunting, but limiting portions and consuming nutritious foods are a good starting point.
- Healthy Meal. There is no diet unique to type 2 diabetes. A licensed dietitian can educate you about carbohydrates, and help you prepare a meal in which you can stick. Its emphasis is on:
- Eating fewer calories
- Cutting back on refined carbs, especially sweets
- Adding veggies and fruits to your diet
- Getting more fiber
- Workouts. Seek doing physical exercise 30 to 60 minutes a day. You should go walking , running, swimming or doing something else that will get the heart rate up. Pair it with strength training, such as weightlifting or yoga. If you are taking a blood sugar reducing drug, you may need a snack before a workout.
- Control your blood sugar levels: Your doctor will tell you, depending on your treatment , especially if you are on insulin, if you need to check your blood sugar levels and how often to do so.
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If changes in lifestyle don’t get you to your target blood sugar levels, medication may be required. For type 2 diabetes some of the most popular include:
- Metformin (Fortamet, Glucophagus, Riomet, Glumetza). Typically this is the first drug used for treating type 2 diabetes. It reduces your liver’s level of glucose, and lets your body respond better to the insulin it produces.
- Sulphonylurea. This group of drugs helps bring more insulin into your blood. They include glimepiride (Amaryl), glipizide (Glucotrol, Metaglip), and glyburide (Micronase, DiaBeta).
- The meglitinides. They help produce more insulin for your body and they function better than sulfonylureas. Maybe you are taking nateglinide (Starlix) or repaglinide (Prandin).
- Such Thiazolidinediones. They make you more responsive to insulin, as does metformin. Pioglitazone (Actos) or rosiglitazone (Avandia) can be obtained But they also increase the risk of heart attacks so they usually aren’t a first option for treatment.
- Inhibitors of DPP–4. Such medicines —-linagliptin (Tradjenta), saxagliptin (Onglyza), and sitagliptin (Januvia) — help lower your blood sugar levels, but they may also cause pain in the joints and can inflame your pancreas.
- Agonists of GLP-1 receptors. You are taking these drugs with a needle to slow down the digestion and lower blood sugar. They include exenatide (Byetta, Bydureon), liraglutide (Victoza), and semaglutide (Ozempic).
- An inhibitor of SGLT2. This helps get more glucose out of your kidneys. You could get canagliflozin (Invokana), Farxiga (dapagliflozin), or Jardiance (empagliflozin).
- Insulin. And insulin. You can take long-lasting shots at night, such as detemir insulin (Levemir) or glargine insulin (Lantus).