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Back Pain During Menstruation in Women | Causes, and Treatments

Many women experience cramping abdominal pain during menstruation, which can be accompanied by back pain. These symptoms appear before menstruation and in the first few days of menstrual bleeding and can last until the end of the period. Let’s read the complete information on Back pain during menstruation in Women in this article.

Why does back pain during menstruation in Women?


Back pain in women during menstruation

Often women have symptoms during their period. Symptoms include back pain, abdominal pain, and headache, among others. They often occur because the uterus contracts again and again during the menstrual period to expel blood and mucous membrane cells. This pain emanating from the uterine contractions can radiate and become noticeable as back pain – sometimes even shortly before the bleeding is even noticed.

next, you will know “When is back pain primary or secondary period pain?” in this Back pain during menstruation in women article.

When is back pain primary or secondary period pain?


Back pain in women during menstruation

There are basically two types of period pain

  • Primary period pains : These can vary in severity. They are not based on a disease in the strict sense of the word, but rather the contraction of the uterus during your period. Women often have these symptoms from the start of their first menstruation. Prostaglandins are the trigger. These are certain messenger substances (hormones) that cause the muscles of the uterus to contract in order to transport blood out of the organism.
  • Secondary period pains : They are caused by organic diseases or problems. It is also typical that they do not appear from the beginning, but only at a later point in life.

Menstrual back pain can be due to both primary and secondary menstrual pain. Especially if you have never had symptoms during your menstrual period before, you should have these clarified by a doctor. Because behind a secondary dysmenorrhea there are, for example, the following causes:

  • (Growth of the lining of the uterus outside the uterine cavity)
  • Contraceptives (such as a slipped IUD)
  • Inflammation of the uterus
  • Adhesions on fallopian tubes or ovaries
  • Cervical stenosis (narrowing of the cervix)
  • Corpus polyps ( growths of the mucous membrane on the body of the uterus)
  • Uterine fibroids (benign growths in the layer of uterine muscles)

This is the role of hormones in menstrual back pain


The two hormones estrogen and progesterone are responsible for back pain during or shortly before the menstrual period . Among other things, estrogen is produced in the ovaries. The hormone ensures that the lining of the uterus builds up for better implantation of the fertilized egg. The corpus luteum (corpus luteum) also pursues the goal of successfully embedding the egg by producing progesterone. This arises after ovulation from the eggshell (part of the follicle). The release of progesterone causes an improvement in the blood flow to the uterine lining, which improves the conditions for implantation.

Background knowledge on menstruation


Menstruation is the monthly bleeding women have after puberty. Other names for this phenomenon, which can appear for the first time between the ages of 11 and 15, are ” days “, ” menstrual bleeding “, ” period ” or ” rule “.

The uterus is the organ from which the menstrual period starts . It has a pear-like shape, is hollow and lined with a mucous membrane on the inside. In women, an egg cell matures in the ovaries every month. During ovulation, this migrates through the fallopian tubes into the uterus, with the aim of implanting itself in the uterine lining. The built-up mucous membrane in the uterus is shed if pregnancy does not occur.

However, if the egg cell fails to be fertilized , the progesterone level drops again. Furthermore, messenger substances from the prostaglandin family are formed in the uterine lining. These now stimulate the uterine muscles. The uterine lining that has built up up to this point is now shed again by muscle contractions – noticeable in the form of menstrual bleeding.

In some women, for reasons that are still unexplained, on the one hand too much uterine lining builds up and, on the other hand, more prostaglandins are formed. The consequence: the muscles of the uterus contract too much and uncontrollably, which is noticeable in abdominal pain that can radiate into the back . Other symptoms that sometimes occur with it are headache or diarrhea.

Premenstrual Syndrome: A Possible Reason for Back Pain


From premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the talk when it comes to appearance of physical and psychological ailments in the time between ovulation and menstruation occurs. It occurs a maximum of two weeks before the menstrual period and ends when the menstruation begins.

A typical PMS symptom is back pain . In addition, there are, for example, these characteristic complaints:

  • a headache
  • Mood swings
  • Abdominal pain
  • Tension in the breasts

20 to 40 percent of all women suffer from mild PMS problems .

The causes of premenstrual syndrome have not yet been clarified . On the one hand, experts suspect that an imbalance between the two hormones estrogen and progesterone could be the reason. On the other hand, a disturbance of the circulatory system of the nervous system is to blame, so that the organism reacts differently to hormonal stimuli. Negative lifestyle habits such as

  • Smoke,
  • Sedentary lifestyle,
  • Stress or
  • lack of sleep

behind such a disorder.

The diagnosis is also more difficult due to the as yet unexplained reasons. However, a premenstrual syndrome can be assumed if typical symptoms recur regularly shortly before the menstrual period and other causes for the symptoms can be ruled out.

When it comes to PMS treatment, there is no uniform therapy scheme . It always depends on the patient’s symptoms. For example, drugs such as pain relievers for back pain or headaches help. The attending physician may also advise those affected to change their lifestyle. Some women take action against their premenstrual syndrome by getting more sleep or exercise.

What can be done against back pain during menstruation?


Among other things, these home remedies have proven effective for back pain during menstruation:

  • Warmth : A warm bath, cherry stone pillow or hot water bottle can be good for menstrual cramps and help relieve menstrual pain. The heat stimulates the metabolism, promotes blood circulation and relaxes the muscles. Muscular relaxation also makes it less likely that pain will radiate to the back. For example, place a warm cherry stone pillow on your stomach or back.
  • Relaxation exercises : Anything that relaxes and fades into the background makes complaints such as back pain during your period more bearable. Proven relaxation techniques include autogenic training, yoga and meditation.
  • Movement : It can relax muscles by loosening them up. Potentially irritated nerves are relieved and the pain subsides. So try to go for a walk or do some exercise . Sports such as cycling and Nordic walking are recommended for back pain.

All of the home remedies mentioned are also suitable if the back pain occurs before your period. Relaxation or slack muscles help prevent back pain .

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2 Comments

  • Reena Paul

    Very informative post for every girl, I never realised why i was having so much pain in my back on my periods.
    But after analysed this post i found the reason behind my backpain and solution too.

  • Shilly

    Thanks for sharing this information..Generally ladies feel shy to discuss about menstruation..So keep sharing this type of knowledge

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